LIS 577: Cataloging and Classification II
Bridging the Gap II: Continuing Resources
Round 1, Print Serials
Serials Have Issues
(Can you stand it? Click on the link to Earliest Entry Cataloging!)
Examples from a 1967 Columbia University SLS cataloging textbook:
The problem formerly known as multiple versions.
There’s no brief web source on this, so I'll summarize:
The ancient cardinal principle of AACR2 cataloging had been enshrined for a long time in Rule 0.24 (this rule is now changed due to recognition of the reality of electronic and remote resources). Rule 0.24 used to say catalog the item in hand. This is what led to successive entry cataloging instead of latest entry cataloging. Problems began to emerge with the principle for serials because it meant not only many records for title changes, it also demanded that any reproductions in other formats (microfilms and facsimiles) be cataloged separately from the print original with their own records. Indeed, each reproduction by a different publisher should have had its own record, even if they were a microfilm of the same thing or made from the same negatives. Not everyone accepted that dictum. Library of Congress always cataloged microform reproductions as if they had the original item in hand. The U.S. Newspaper Program from its beginning rejected separate records for multiple versions, so newspaper catalogs indicate multiple versions only in holdings records.
Since the advent of electronic versions of journals published through multiple sources, that problem has exploded. Arguments for the non-AACR2 approach are obvious: "Don't you want all the info in one place?" and "Who could keep up with the cataloging of all these things?" Arguments for a purer AACR2 approach are cautionary: "Not every electronic version of a serial is identical!" and "Patrons need to know the differences because publishers don't tell the whole truth about what they leave out." However, the pragmatic need to keep it all in one place and present it economically is the most usual approach today for e-journals in catalogs. Hence the development of the aggregator-neutral record.
Lack of Persistent Location for Digital Objects (giving an accurate url is a related problem when dealing with aggregated journals):
Major and Minor Title Change Rules (when is a title change significant enough to merit a new successive record?)
The source for this concept of major/minor changes is AACR2 21.2C2.
The new Conser Standard Record has modified those guidelines to make them more limited
(Conser Standard Record Documentation, 5/30/07, App. A, pp. 13-14) Print these pages and insert them into AACR2, chapter 21.2C. ADVICE: Start with these pages and work backwards because they are the most current.
The Conser Cataloging Manual addresses it in Module 16.
LCRI 21.2C has additional, specific guidelines for Serials as decided by Conser.